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Authors Guideline
International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME) is committed to ensuring the highest standards of publication ethics whereas the publication malpractice is strictly prohibited by all possible measure. Our responsibility is to publish original work of value to the intellectual community in the best possible form and to the highest possible standards. We expect similar standards from our reviewers and authors. Honesty, originality and fair dealing on the part of authors, and fairness, objectivity and confidentiality on the part of editors and reviewers are among the critical values that enable us to achieve our goal. IJAME endorses and behaves in accordance with the codes of conduct and international standards established by the Committee on Publication Ethics. IJAME is committed to following best practices on ethical matters, errors, and retractions, and to provide legal review if necessary.

    1. The Editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published;
    2. The Editors may discuss with other editors or reviewers in making decision;
    3. The Editors evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors;
    4. The Editors must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate;
    5. The Editors should ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process;
    6. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by anyone who has a view of the manuscript in his or her own research without the express written consent of the author;
    7. The Editors should guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct.
    1. The Editorial Board must keep information pertaining to submitted manuscripts confidential.
    2. The Editorial Board must disclose any conflicts of interest.
    3. The Editorial Board must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.
    4. The Editorial Board is responsible for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts.
    1. Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and be treated as privileged information;
    2. Reviews should be conducted objectively. There shall be no personal criticism of the author. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments;
    3. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that had been previously reported elsewhere should be accompanied by the relevant citation;
    4. Reviewers should request to the Editors attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge;
    5. In case, any reviewer feels that it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within stipulated time then the same must be communicated to the editors, so that the same could be sent to any other reviewer;
    6. Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
    1. The Authors should submit papers only on work that has been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and that complies with all relevant legislation;
    2. The Authorspresent   their   results   clearly,   honestly,  and   without   fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation;
    3. The Authors should endeavor to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others;
    4. The Authors should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere;
    5. The Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere;
    6. The Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others this must be appropriately cited;
    7. The Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work;
    8. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Duplicitous or expressively inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable;
    9. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work;
    10. The Authors should ensure that the authorship accurately reflects individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting; and where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged;
    11. The Authors should disclose relevant funding sources and any existing or potential conflicts of interest. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed;
    12. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editors and the editor to retract or correct the paper.
IJAME accepts manuscripts that have not been published elsewhere and are not under consideration for publication by other print or electronic media. The authors agree to transfer the copyright to IJAME editorial office. Download the Copyright Transfer form at http://www.IJAME_copyright_form.pdf
It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the Editor. Ensure that the following items are present:
  • One Author designated as corresponding Author:
  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone and fax numbers
  • All necessary files have been uploaded
  • Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  • Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked" 
  • References are in the correct format for this journal 
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa 
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources 

Authors may submit their manuscript to This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . The electronic manuscript shall be prepared in accordance with the “Manuscript Preparation Guide”. The manuscript template can be downloaded from this link. All submissions will be subjected to a review process by the respective panel of experts. Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright holder.

No page charges: Publication in this journal is free of charge.
Corresponding authors will be given the choice to buy extra offprints before printing of the article.
No length limitations for contributions are set, but only concisely written papers are published. Brief articles are considered on the basis of technical merit. Discussions of previously published papers are welcome.
Published quarterly

IJAME is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the users. All open access papers are licensed and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- Non-Commercial 4.0 International License, which permits authors and readers unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction the material in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. This is enabled under the terms of Attribution and Non-Commercial usage of the material



Manuscript Preparation



These instructions are written in a form that satisfies all the formatting requirements for the author's manuscript. Please use them as a template in preparing your manuscript. Authors must take special care to follow these instructions concerning margins. The basic instructions are simple:

  • Manuscript shall be formatted for an A4 size page.
  • The top, left and right margins shall be 30 mm.
  • The bottom margin shall be 25 mm.
  • The text shall have both the left and right margins justified.




The manuscript should be organized in the following order: title of the paper, authors' names and affiliation, abstract, keywords, nomenclature (where applicable), introduction, body of the paper (in sequential headings), conclusion, acknowledgement, references, and appendices (where applicable).




The title is centered on the page and is set in boldface (font size 12 pt). The first letter of each word in the title should be capitalized. It should adequately describe the content of the paper. An abbreviated title of less than 60 characters (including spaces) should also be suggested.




The author's name(s) follows the title and is also centered on the page (font size 12 pt). A blank line is required between the title and the author's name(s). Last names should be spelled out in full and succeeded by author's initials. The author's affiliation, complete mailing address, and e-mail address (all in font size 12 pt) are provided below. Phone and fax numbers are also appeared.




A nonmathematical abstract, not exceeding 200 words, is required for all papers. It should be an abbreviated, accurate presentation of the contents of the paper. It should contain sufficient information to enable readers to decide whether they should obtain and read the entire paper. Do not cite references in the abstract.




The author should provide a list of three to six keywords that clearly describe the subject matter of the paper.




The manuscript must be typed single spacing. Use extra line spacing between equations, illustrations, figures, and tables. The body of the text should be prepared using Times New Roman. The font size used for the preparation of the manuscript must be 12 points. The first paragraph following a heading should not be indented. The following paragraphs must be indented 10 mm. Note that there is no line spacing between paragraphs unless a subheading is used. Symbols for physical quantities in the text should be written in italics.




Section headings should be typed centered on the page and in capital letters only. The type, fonts and style above (Times New Roman 12 point bold) are an example of a section heading. Do not underline section headings. A bold font should be used for section headings.



Subheadings should be positioned at the left margin, in a bold-faced font the same size as the main text (Times New Roman 12 point) with single line spacing above and below. The first letter of each word in the subheading should be capitalized.



Sub-subheadings should be typed using italic font the same size as that used for the body of the text (Times New Roman 12 point italics). Only the first letter of the subheading should be capitalized. Note that a blank line precedes and follows the subheading.




Equation numbers should appear in parentheses and be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear on the right-hand side of the equation and should be referred to within the text. Two different types of styles can be used for equations and mathematical expressions. They are:

  • In-line style
  • Display style.

In-line style

In-line equations/expressions are embedded in paragraphs of the text. For example, E = mc2 . In-line equations should not be numbered.


Display style

Equations in display format are separated from the paragraphs of text. They should be flushed to the left of the column. Fractional powers should be used instead of root signs. A slash (/) should be used instead of a horizontal line for fractions, whenever possible; for example, use 2/3 for two-thirds. Refer to equations in the text as " Eq.(1)" or, if at the beginning of a sentence, as " Equation (1)". Vectors should be typed boldface. Do not use arrows, wavy-line underscoring, etc.



Figures (diagrams and photographs) should be numbered consecutively using arabicnumbers. They should be placed in the text soon after the point where they are referenced. Figures should be centered in a column and 

should have a figure caption placed underneath. Captions should be centered in the column, in the format “Figure 1” and are in upper and lowercase letters. When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Figure" is used Illustrations must be submitted in digital format, with a good resolution. Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lowercase letters. When referring to a table in the text, "Table" with the proper number is used. Captions should be centered in the column, in the format “Table 1” and are in upper and lowercase letters. Tables are numbered consecutively and independently of any figures. All figures and tables must be incorporated into the text (in portrait orientation).


I. Units


The use of SI units is strongly recommended, and mixed units are to be avoided.




A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations and possible applications of the paper. Discuss about future work.




An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired. Individuals or units other than authors who were of direct help in the work could be acknowledged by a brief statement following the text.




There are strict requirements on reference formatting at submission stage. Author should be preparing references according to following examples and the reference style should be consistent where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be also applied to the accepted article at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.




Citation in text

Document your study throughout the text by indicates references by number(s) in square brackets (Example; Rahman and Noor [1]; Rahman [2]; Rahman et al. [3] … ) in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.


Reference List


Number the references (numbers should be in square brackets) in the reference list in the order to they appeared in the text. List of references indents 10 mm from the second line of each reference. Personal communications and unpublished data are not acceptable references.




Reference to journal papers:


[1] Hamada KI, Rahman MM, Aziz ARA. Characteristics of the time-averaged overall heat transfer in a direct injection hydrogen fueled engine. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2012; 38(11): 4816-4830.


[2] Rahman MM, Ariffin AK. Effects of surface finish and treatment on the fatigue behaviour of vibrating cylinder block using frequency response approach. Journal of Zhejiang University of Science A, 2006; 7(3): 352-360.


[3] Thring RH. Homogeneous-charge compression-ignition (HCCI) engines. SAE Technical Paper: 892068; 1989.

**Note that Journal titles should not be abbreviated and italicized.


Reference to a book:


[4] Juvinall RC, Marshek KM. Fundamentals of machine component design. 5th ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 2011.


[5] Stephens RI, Fatemi A, Stephens RR, Fuchs HO. Metal fatigue in engineering. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc; 2000.

**Note that the title of the book is sentence case and not-italicized.


Reference to a chapter in an edited book:


[6] Barky ME, Zhang S. Fatigue spot welds. In: Lee YL, Pan J, Hathaway RB, Barkey ME, editors. Fatigue testing and analysis: Theory and practice, New York: Butterworth Heinrahmanemann, 2005, p 285-311.

 **Note that the title of the book is non-italicized and sentence case.

Reference to proceedings papers:

[7] Rahman MM, Bakar RA, Sani MSM, Noor MM. Investigation into surface treatment on fatigue life for cylinder block of linear engine using frequency response approach. In: 15th International Congress on Sound and Vibrations, Daejeon, South Korea, pp. 2119- 2127; 2008.

[8] Kamal M, Rahman MM. Fatigue life estimation based on continuum mechanics theory with application of genetic algorithm. In: 1st International Conference on Automotive Innovation and Green Energy Vehicle, Kuantan, Malaysia; 26-27 August, 2014.


Reference to Web Pages:

[9] Felippa CA. Advanced finite element methods. Retrieved from http://www.colorado.edu/courses.d /AFM.d/Home.html; 25 August, 2013.

[10] Rockwell Automation. Arena. Retrieved from http://www.arenasimulation.com; 21 July, 2014.



Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for final checking. Corrections to the proofs must be restricted to printer’s errors: any other changes to the text, in equations or grammar, may be charged to the author. Proofs should be returned to the editors within three days of receipt to minimize the risk of the author’s contribution having to be held over to a later issue. The editors do not accept responsibility for the correctness of published contents. It is the author’s responsibility to check the content at proof stage.

Plagiarism Checking

A policy of screening for plagiarism has been performed using Turnitin.com platform.

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